Below is a brief listing of some key research on the benefits of nature.


  • Kuo, F. E., M. Bacaicoa, et al. (1998). “Transforming inner-city landscapes: trees, sense of safety, and preference.” Environment and Behaviour 30(1): 28-59.
  • Luttik, J. (2000). “The Value of trees, water and open spaces as reflected by house prices in the Netherlands.” Landscape and Urban Planning 48(3-4): 161-167.
  • Sullivan, W. C., F. E. Kuo, et al. (2004). “The Fruit of Urban Nature: Vital Neighbourhood Spaces.” Environment and Behaviour 36(5): 678-700.
  • Taylor, A. F., A. Wiley, et al. (1998). “Growing up in the inner city: green spaces as places to grow.” Environment and Behaviour 30(1): 3-27.
  • Westphal, L. M. (1999). Growing Power: Social Benefits of Urban Greening Projects. Department of Urban Planning and Policy. Chicago, University of Illinois at Chicago. Ph.D.: 243.


  • Canin, L. H. (1991). Psychological restoration among AIDS caregivers: Maintaining self-care, University of Michigan.
  • Frumkin, H. (2001). Beyond toxicity: human health and the natural environment. Americal journal of Preventative medicine. 20: 234.
  • Hartig, T., M. Mang, et al. (1991). “Restorative effects of natural environments experiences.” Environment and Behaviour 23: 3-26.
  • Kaplan, R. (1993). “The role of nature in the context of the workplace.” Landscape and Urban Planning 26: 193-201.
  • Kaplan, R. (2001). “The Nature of the View from Home: Psychological Benefits.” Environment and Behavior 33(4): 507-542.
  • Kaplan, S. (1987). Mental fatigue and the designed environment. Public Environments. J. Harvey and D. Henning. Washington, D.C., Environmental Design Research Association: 55-60.
  • Kaplan, S. (1995). “The restorative benefits of nature: Toward an integrative framework.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 15(3): 169-182.
  • Kuo, F. E. (2001). “Coping with Poverty- Impacts of Environment and Attention in the Inner City.” Environment and Behaviour 33(1): 5-34.
  • Moore, E. O. (1981). “A prison environment’s effect on health care service demands.” Journal of environmental Systems 11(1): 17-33.
  • Ovitt, M. (1996). The effect of a view of nature on performance and stress reduction of ICU nurses. Human-Environment Research Laboratory. Chicago, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.
  • Paine, R., C. Francis, et al. (1998). Hospital Outdoor Spaces. People Places: Design Guidelines for Urban Open Space. C. C. F. Marcus, Carolyn. Toronto, John Wiley & Sons, Inc: 311-343.
  • Parsons, R., L. G. Tassinary, et al. (1998). “The View from the Road: Implications for Stress Recovery and Immunization.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 18: 113-139.
  • Taylor, A. F., F. E. Kuo, et al. (2001). “Coping with ADD: The Surprising Connection to Green Play Settings.” Environment and Behaviour 33(1): 54-77.
  • Ulrich, R. S. (1984). “View through a Window May Influence Recovery from Surgery.” Science 224(4647): 420-421.
  • Ulrich, R. S., R. F. Simons, et al. (1991). “Stress Recovery During Exposure to Natural and Urban Environments.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 11: 201-230.
  • Verderber, S. and D. Reuman (1987). “Windows, views, and health status in hospital therapeutic environments.” The Journal of Architectural and Planning Research 4: 120-133.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s